Cite des Arts et de la Tradition / Kengo Kuma & Associates
Textual content description offered by the architects. This mission is the results of the union between historical past and structure, water and lightweight, metropolis and nature. We want that the Besancon Artwork and Tradition Middle ring a bell with the atmosphere by the fusion of the completely different scale of studying, from the small print to the whole mission, by blurring the restrict between inside and exterior, to create a constructing capable of enter in resonance along with his atmosphere: the hills, the river and town of Besancon. The roof creates the hyperlink between the constructing and his atmosphere and makes the mission blatant. Semi-transparent, the roof symbolizes the fusion between constructed and not-built and act as camouflage when individuals uncover it from the Citadelle which is top overlooking. It’s an invite to the citizen to assemble under his safety. It symbolized the encounter between town and the character, the citizen and the riverbank, the general public and the tradition.
The location brings with itself each its personal historical past and the historical past of town. The riverbank at all times has been both a safety or a barrier. The mission is a continuity of this historical past, his longitudinal geometry is following the orientation given by Vauban, the warehouse, outdated storage of wooden, is saved and take part within the richness of the constructing. The Besancon Artwork and Tradition Middle perpetuate the notion of safety, however could be learn in addition to a monumental gate between town and the river, excellent object and image of the unification of town and his river. It’s a landmark, recognizable by a sober design and the standard of his materiality. We want to reinforce the genius loci of the location trough a powerful and clearly identifiable constructing, however nonetheless respecting the connection with the present bastion, the river and town.
Unified under the big roof, the 2 capabilities are identifiable by refined variations within the patterns of the façade composed by wooden panels and metal panels. The sample dimensions are for the FRAC: 5000 X 2500 Horizontal whereas for the CRR 1625 X half flooring top vertically. The Frac is partially positioned within the outdated brick warehouse constructing. After taking out two of the present slabs, the void created is containing the principle exhibition room. The big foyer of the FRAC is as a lot as doable clear, open to each “artwork passage” and metropolis facet. The pure prime gentle is subtle due to the random positioned glass panels of the roof, with a purpose to obtain to speak the sensation of being under a cover of tree, the place the sunshine gently come by leaves right down to the bottom. The CRR is extra an introverted area, aside from his foyer which is 14 m top and largely clear. Each foyer of FRAC and CRR are linked by the roof, making a semi-outdoor area, the “artwork passage”, which is flooded of pure gentle by the semi-transparent roof. This passage, a big void, is structuring the general buildings: it acts concurrently as a gate and a shelter; it emphasizes the particularity of this mission witch gathering two completely different capabilities.
The roof is the emblematic and unifying component of the mission. Composed in a random approach with completely different component akin to glass, photo voltaic panel, vegetation and metallic panels with completely different shade end, the pure gentle vibrates on its floor, relying of the absorption and reflection of the completely different components composing it. It creates a pixelized layer the place the obvious aleatory place of the “ pixels” outline a singular picture, summary and confounded with the atmosphere hue. The transparency is partially outlined by the need of this system under: opaque on prime of the rooms akin to classroom, administration, or exhibition room. It will get extra clear when it’s on prime of the foyer or when it’s masking the out of doors areas. Suspended by a wooden framework, this fifth façade manufactured from variation of transparency and opacity signify a singular and modern design, a skinny pixelized layer floating on prime of the Doubs river and turning into at night time a landmark reinforcing the doorway of town. The one component rising from the roof is the outdated ware home transformed in exhibition gallery, reminding the economic interval of the location.
The panorama design takes half within the pedestrian path alongside the river: it prolong and join the present promenade. The principle constrain of the location is the flood threat. We have now bolstered the embankment and constructed on prime of that dike. That is the explanation why the constructing is put in on prime of a pedestal. This pedestal could be bodily experimented strolling under the “artwork passage” semi-outdoor area, overhanging the road and linked to the river by a big stair. The CRR is organized round a backyard, known as « concord backyard », a moist backyard combining moss and low bushes. In continuity with the “artwork passage”, alongside the FRAC, a water pond planted with filtering rush is creating the gentle transition between town and the constructing. Partially lined by the semi-transparent roof, the shadow and lightweight variations interweaves with the reflections on the reflection pond.
The inside design is especially structured by the façade and roof patterns, filtering the pure gentle. Wooden, glass, or metallic meshes are mixed with subtleties with a purpose to generate a peaceable and stress-free environment. The wooden frameworks supporting the roofing seem within the lobbies, terraces and within the final flooring witch intensify the presence of the roof. The views to the outside are exactly framed both to the water pond, the river, the double or triple top areas handle to supply completely different area experiences.
This place witch at all times has been perceived as a bodily barrier for the residents (both fortification or industrial space) we suggest to generate an open and welcoming cultural centre, a gate and a roof between the river and town, in concord with the atmosphere.