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Home » How COVID-19 modified the crime profile of India in 2020

How COVID-19 modified the crime profile of India in 2020


Instances of ‘disobedience’ or violation of COVID-19 norms elevated by over 20 occasions in only a yr; with out it, total crime was decrease than 2019

A street in Kolkata during COVID-19 lockdown. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
A road in Kolkata throughout COVID-19 lockdown. Photograph: Wikimedia Commons

India remained below containment for the entire of 2020 as a result of novel coronavirus illness (COVID-19) pandemic. Nonetheless, the general variety of crime instances within the nation elevated by 28 per cent for the yr, in response to the Nationwide Crime Data Bureau (NCRB)’s Crime in India 2020 revealed September 15, 2021. 

The surge in instances registered is because of an unprecedented rise in a single particular class of crime — Disobedience to order duly promulgated by Public Servant (Part 188 of the Indian Penal Code, or IPC). This crime largely refers back to the numerous public rules and norms enforced to comprise the COVID-19 pandemic.

A complete of 29,469 instances had been registered in 2019 below Part 188 of the IPC. Some 612,179 instances had been registered throughout India in 2020, in response to the NCRB report. That is a 20-time improve over a yr. The NCRB information covers instances from January 1 to December 31.

Instances additionally elevated considerably below one other class associated to violations of COVID-19 norms and regulation — Different IPC Crimes. Instances below this part of crimes elevated by 4 occasions to 1,062,399 in 2020, from 252,268 instances in 2019.

Instances additionally elevated by 4 occasions below the Particular and Native Legal guidelines (SLL) between 2019 and 2020. This part refers to state rules imposed to implement COVID-19 norms. Beneath this part, there have been 89,553 instances in 2019 which elevated to 414,589 instances in 2020.

All instances associated to the violation of COVID-19 rules resulted in 1,643,690 extra instances being registered in 2020 compared to 2019.

The NCRB evaluation confirmed that with out this surge in instances associated to COVID-19 violations in 2020, the quantity ‘conventional crime’ had diminished throughout that yr by about 200,000 instances. 

The nation reported a complete of 4,254,356 instances of cognizable crimes in 2020. This was 28 per cent increased compared to 2019. However, with out factoring the instances of violations of COVID-19, crime instances got here down in 2020.

The NCRB report famous: 

The nation remained below full lockdown from March 25-Could 31, 2020 as a result of COVID-19 pandemic (First Wave), throughout which period motion in public house was very restricted. The instances registered below crimes in opposition to girls, youngsters and senior residents, theft, housebreaking, theft and dacoity have subsequently declined …

“ … whereas COVID-related enforcement has resulted in a rise of instances registered below ‘Disobedience to order duly promulgated by Public Servant (Part 188 IPC)’, below ‘Different IPC Crimes’ and below ‘Different State Native Acts’,” it concluded concerning the improve in crimes that had been anticipated to be decrease.


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